How to Improve Reading Comprehension Skills 

improve reading comprehension skills

Reading comprehension is an essential skill in all areas of education. It helps you understand what you read, which will help you make sense of information and improve your writing ability. Read along as we talk about reading comprehension and how to improve comprehension skills in reading and English.

What is Reading Comprehension? 

Reading comprehension is the ability of a child to understand what is being read. Without this basic skill, it is difficult to progress with confidence in any other area of learning, especially writing and communicating.

Reading comprehension is essential for developing writing skills because it involves reading the text so that you can understand its meaning without needing an outside source (such as notes) or by using memory cues such as underlining keywords or phrases. In addition, reading comprehension will help you become aware of errors when you write something down but later realize that there were errors made in your original work—and make sure those errors aren’t repeated!

Reading comprehension, vocabulary development, and fluency are the key areas for reading improvement. Comprehension is all about understanding words in context. That’s why you need to keep your eyes on the terms as you read and try to understand what they mean. If you can do this, it will be easier for you to answer questions like “What does the author mean when he says that?”

Importance of Vocabulary Development and Reading Comprehension Skills

There are two main components of reading comprehension: vocabulary development and text comprehension. Vocabulary development is an essential part of reading comprehension since it is through understanding the words we read that we know the meaning of the text.

The first step in improving vocabulary development is to get familiar with various words and their meanings, so you can recognize them when they are used in context. This will help your brain associate words more easily, making learning new ones easier. Once you’ve completed this stage, move on to learning more challenging words by looking up definitions online or using an app like Word Power Tools (my personal favourite).

When you consider how much time it takes to master each step, fluency is just as essential as comprehension and vocabulary development. To be fluent in a language, you must be able to read quickly and accurately.

Reading speed is an important part of reading comprehension because it allows us to understand what we read better than if we were reading slowly or not at all. Reading fluency is not just about reading speed; it also involves having enough knowledge about the topic studied so that your mind can connect with what you’re reading.

Having good comprehension skills means you understand what you read. All the more reason why you should improve reading comprehension skills.

Understanding vocabulary: When you better understand words, it’s easier for your brain to use them in new ways. This will help improve your comprehension skills overall.

Fluency development: Fluency refers to how quickly and accurately someone reads something—an article, book, or email message from their boss at work! The faster and more accurately someone reads something (e.g., “I read this article”), the more likely they are going to be able to comprehend it without having any trouble understanding its contents at all.”

Reading comprehension is essential for many things, including:

  • You will read, comprehend, and evaluate literature in your English lessons.
  • Reading and comprehending materials from the history, math, or science classes you are taking. 
  • Passing the SAT’s writing and math exams with flying colors (or all five sections of the ACT). 
  • comprehending and participating in written accounts of current events, such as news reports. 
  • Correctly comprehending and resolving any other official correspondence, including but not limited to essays, reports, memoranda, and analyses.
  • nothing more than enjoying writing in your spare time

How to Improve Reading Comprehension Skills 

Because reading comprehension is a skill that improves like any other, you can improve reading comprehension skills with practice and a game plan.

#1 – Build on Existing Knowledge 

Lack of context is one of the main obstacles to reading comprehension. For instance, if you’re reading astronomy literature, have the kids write down or explain what they already know about the solar system. Have students respond to brief questions or complete a KWL (Know, Want to Know, Learned) chart, then discuss the data to gain simple insights.

Or examine works of both fiction and non-fiction that share or overlap topics. For instance, a non-fiction book on pigs or a children’s novel with pigs as the main characters. To explore what is fact vs fiction, teachers can use the information from the non-fiction book as a reference.

Before reading the material, ensure all pupils are familiar with the work’s core concepts and vocabulary (literally). This lets students infer from the material and relate it to information they already have, levelling the playing field in terms of past knowledge.

#2 – Use Visual Aids 

As they practice reading comprehension, a teacher reads a picture book to a class of kids seated on floor mats. Use visual aids and visualization strategies to assist pupils in creating a mental image of what they are reading.

Start by reading aloud to the class and asking them to attempt to visualize the events in their minds. Use writing exercises such as:

  • Which hues did you notice the most?
  • What did you imagine the scene to be like?
  • What would you say about the lead character?
  • What noises do you suppose the setting of the narrative would make?

To help them grasp a scene, character, or tale better, have the kids illustrate it. To help them grasp a scene, character, or tale better, have the kids illustrate it. To assist kids recall the important details of the narrative, they might create a family tree of the characters or amusing remarks.

Picture books, word walls, and anchor charts may all be used to assist your kids to review important ideas. They are more likely to remember important information when they can picture the story or material they are reading.

#3 – Develop Vocabulary Skills 

Understanding a book requires vocabulary, which is essential for reading fluently and with ease. Teaching techniques for vocabulary can assist kids in developing the skills necessary to comprehend new terms on their own.

Try these to aid in word learning and retention for students:

  • Putting together a word wall in your classroom.
  • relating new expressions to activities. 
  • Making visual organizers that assist in connecting well-known and unfamiliar terms. 

You may teach pupils how to learn new words by using read-aloud techniques. Have them create a vocabulary list of all the new terms they already know or wish to learn, and demonstrate how to utilize context clues to deduce meaning.

#4 – Use Summary Techniques 

Summarizing approaches teach pupils how to identify and connect significant concepts, even though at first it may appear tiresome to them. It teaches readers of all levels how to naturally synthesize information as they read.

Encourage pupils to write a summary of a text when they first read it and to edit it until it only contains the most important details. Ask clarifying queries to help them write, such as:

  • What message does this text try to convey?
  • What specifics help the story’s core idea?
  • What details did the author offer that wasn’t necessary?

This demonstrates the value of giving textual support to one’s argument and summary and enables students to see how many elements of a tale are related.

#5 – Try Drawing Conclusions 

When pupils conclude, they’re speculating based on the facts they already possess. Students conclude facts outside the tale, such as what occurred before the story began, what genre the story is, or what will happen when the story is done, rather than merely anticipating what will happen next.

Similar to forecasting, inferences can be modeled via read-aloud or directed inquiry. Ask students to create a prologue to the narrative or a character backstory based on the text. You can make inferences between the text and their prior understanding of how the world operates by using evidence from the text. Additionally, it could encourage their inventiveness.

#6 – Read for Pleasure 

Practice is the key to raising your reading comprehension skills. And having fun while practicing is the greatest way to do it!

Make reading enjoyable, at least occasionally, as opposed to a regular effort. This will encourage you to read the book critically and include the activity in your everyday life (instead of simply your studies and job lives). The more you study and practice, the more naturally you’ll get better at it.

Start by reading books that are a little older and/or grade level below you (especially if reading is frustrating or difficult for you). With less strain, you’ll be able to unwind and take in the narrative. 

Allow yourself to read at whichever reading level or age level you feel like until you are more accustomed to reading and exercising your comprehension techniques (advice in the next section). Even if you think you don’t comprehend all of the material at first—or even most of it!—if you try your best and have fun, you’ll discover that your reading comprehension levels increase with time.

#7 – Create Question and Answer Scenarios 

A young student is working on a reading comprehension activity at her desk.

Students can view the material with fresh eyes and develop new interpretations by being questioned about various elements of it.

Ask questions that make it difficult for pupils to identify the solutions. Ask students questions to assist them to make sense of the book, better comprehending the characters, forecasting what will happen next, or appreciating the author’s intentions as they respond to the text in their own words.

These questions, whether answered in a group or individually, will encourage students to ask questions and exercise critical thinking.


Reading comprehension is one of the most important skills for any student to develop. It allows you to understand what you are reading and how it relates to other topics, which can be very helpful in understanding your world. Comprehension is about being able to understand words in context; that means understanding what they mean as well as how they relate to each other within the sentence in which they appear. We hope this article helps you improve reading comprehension skills better.

READ ALSO:  How to Measure Effective Communication?
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